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Blue Mountains Tree Frog Blue Mountains Tree Frog  (Kate Smith)

Native Fauna Of The Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area
by Judy Smith and Peter Smith

The Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area comprises eight reserves. In 1998, when the nomination was prepared it was well known that the area provided habitat for a wide variety of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians.

However, details of the vertebrate fauna were sketchy.

The nomination indicated that about 400 native terrestrial vertebrate fauna species had been recorded in the area, including 52 mammal, 265 bird, 63 reptile and more than 30 frog species.

Over the last year, in an attempt to gain a clearer understanding of the vertebrate fauna, we have prepared four annotated checklists, one each for the native mammals, birds, reptiles and frogs in the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area.

The checklists indicate that at least 423 native terrestrial vertebrate fauna species have been recorded in the GBMWHA.

The four checklists indicate the species we consider to have been reliably recorded in each of the eight constituent reserves since the time of European settlement. Details of the conservation status at national and state level, and habitat, distribution and relative abundance in the World Heritage Area are provided for each species.

These documents are a work in progress and we'd welcome any additional records, corrections, comments, etc that people care to send.  Contact us.

Judy Smith and Peter Smith
March 2017

Greater Glider  (Kate Smith)
Native Mammal Species Recorded in the GBMWHA

Our checklist includes 66 mammal species, of which 28 are threatened species.

The Australian mammal fauna has had an alarming history of decline and extinction since European settlement, and nine of the mammal species recorded in the past in the World Heritage Area are now probably extinct there.

Protection and rehabilitation of the mammal fauna should be a management priority.

Here's our Native Mammal Checklist.


Rufous Fantail  (Kate Smith)
Native Bird Species Recorded in the GBMWHA

Our checklist includes 251 bird species, three of which are represented by two subspecies. Thirty-one are threatened species, including one preliminary determination.

The number of honeyeater species has increased to 29, but the checklist below has fewer species overall than the nomination.

Additional bird species have been recorded in adjacent farmland, wetlands and urban land, but not confirmed within the World Heritage Area itself, and hence are not included below.

Here's our Native Bird Checklist.


Eastern Water Dragon  (Kate Smith)
Native Reptile Species Recorded in the GBMWHA

Our checklist includes 71 reptile species, three of which are threatened species, a distinct increase in the number of reptile species known to occur in the area since its nomination for the World Heritage List.

One species, the Blue Mountains Swamp Skink Eulamprus leuraensis, is restricted entirely to the World Heritage Area and adjacent lands.

Here's our Native Reptile Checklist.


Blue Mountains Tree Frog  (Kate Smith)
Native Frog Species Recorded in the GBMWHA

Our checklist includes 35 frog species, one of which is represented by two subspecies and seven are threatened species.

At least five species have shown marked declines in the WHA in recent times. One factor in the decline is a global epidemic of a frog disease caused by a chytrid fungus (NSW Scientific Committee 2003).

Here's our Native Frog Checklist.